Searching for a trace of Artemisia campestris pollen in the air

Łukasz Grewling, Idalia Kasprzyk, Katarzyna Borycka, Kazimiera Chłopek, Łukasz Kostecki, Barbara Majkowska-Wojciechowska, Małgorzata Malkiewicz, Dorota Myszkowska, Małgorzata Nowak, Krystyna Piotrowska-Weryszko, Małgorzata Puc, Marika Stawińska, Zofia Balwierz, Agata Szymańska, Matt Smith, Aneta Sulborska, Elżbieta Weryszko-Chmielewska


The aim of the study was to determinate whether Artemisia campestris was present in the vicinity of 8 pollen monitoring stations in Poland by examining temporal variations in daily average airborne Artemisia pollen data recorded by Hirst type volumetric traps. Three day moving averages of airborne Artemisia pollen were examined by Spearman’s rank correlation test. Results show that Artemisia pollen seasons in Poland generally display similar unimodal patterns (correlation coefficients r > 0.900; P < 0.05). The only exception was the Artemisia pollen concentration noted in the outskirts of Poznań (Morasko), where the bimodal pattern was revealed. Correlations between Artemisia pollen data recorded at Poznań-Morasko and the other Polish sites were the lowest in the investigated dataset; this was particularly noticeable in the second part of pollen season (r ~0.730). We show that the typical bimodal pattern in Artemisia pollen seasons, which is characteristic of the presence of both A. vulgaris (first peak) and A. campestris (second peak), does not occur at the majority of sites in Poland and is restricted to the outskirts of Poznań. In fact, it was noted that the pollen monitoring site in Poznań-Centre, just 8 km from Morasko, only exhibited one peak (attributed to A. vulgaris). This shows that the influence of A. campestris on airborne pollen season curves is limited and can be largely disregarded. In addition, this study supports previous records showing that the spatial distribution of airborne Artemisia pollen within a city (urban-rural gradient) can vary markedly, depending on the species composition.


mugwort; aerobiology; phenology; biogeography; bimodal distribution; land use; allergy

Full Text:



Burbach GJ, Heinzerling LM, Edenharter G, Bachert C, Bindslev-Jensen C, Bonini S, et al. GA2LEN skin test study II: clinical relevance of inhalant allergen sensitizations in Europe. Allergy. 2009;64:1507–1515.

Asero R, Bellotto E, Ghiani A, Aina R, Villalta D, Citterio S. Concomitant sensitization to ragweed and mugwort pollen: who is who in clinical allergy? Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014;113:307–313.

Bogawski P, Grewling Ł, Frątczak A. Flowering phenology and potential pollen emission of three Artemisia species in relation to airborne pollen data in Poznań (western Poland). Aerobiologia. 2015.

Zając A, Zając M, editors. Distribution atlas of vascular plants in Poland. Kraków: Laboratory of Computer Chorology, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University; 2001.

Wolf F, Puls KE, Bergmann KC. A mathematical model for mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris L.) pollen forecasts. Aerobiologia. 1998;14:359–373.

Kazlauskas M, Šauliene I, Lankauskas A. Airborne Artemisia pollen in Diauliai (Lithuania) atmosphere with reference to meteorological factors during 2003–2005. Acta Biol Univ Daugavp. 2006;6:13–24.

Stach A, García-Mozo H, Prieto-Baena JC, Czarnecka-Operacz M, Jenerowicz D, Silny W, et al. Prevalence of Artemisia species pollinosis in western Poland: impact of climate change on aerobiological trends, 1995–2004. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2007;17(1):39–47.

Malkiewicz M, Klaczak K, Drzeniecka-Osiadacz A, Krynicka J, Migała K. Types of Artemisia pollen season depending on the weather conditions in Wrocław (Poland), 2002–2011. Aerobiologia. 2014;30:13–23.

Piotrowska-Weryszko K. Artemisia pollen in the air of Lublin, Poland (2001–2012). Acta Sci Pol Hortorum Cultus. 2013;12:155–168.

Grewling Ł, Šikoparija B, Skjøth CA, Radisic P, Apatini D, Magyar D, et al. Variation in Artemisia pollen seasons in Central and Eastern Europe. Agric For Meteorol. 2012;160:48–59.

Gucker CL. Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) [Internet]. Artemisia campestris. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer); 2007 [cited 2015 Dec 31]; Available from:

Carinanos P, Diaz de la Guardia C, Algarra JA, de Linares C, Irurita JM. The pollen counts as bioindicator of meteorological trends and tool for assessing the status of endangered species: the case of Artemisia in Sierra Nevada (Spain). Clim Change. 2013;119:799–813.

Fernandez-Llamazares A, Belmonte J, Boada M, Fraixedas S. Airborne pollen records and their potential applications to the conservation of biodiversity. Aerobiologia. 2014;30(2):111–122.

Karrer G, Skjøth CA, Sikoparija B, Smith B, Berger U, Essl F. Ragweed (Ambrosia) pollen source inventory for Austria. Sci Total Environ. 2015;523:120–128.

Hirst JM. An automatic volumetric spore trap. Ann Appl Biol. 1952;39:257–265.

Mandrioli P, Comtois P, Levizzani V. Methods in aerobiology. Bologna: Pitagora Editrice; 1998.

Galán C, Cariñanos P, Alcázar P, Dominguez-Vilches E. Spanish aerobiology network (REA) management and quality manual. Córdoba: Servicio de Publicaciones Universidad de Córdoba; 2007.

Cariñanos P, Emberlin E, Galán C, Dominguez-Vilches E. Comparison of two counting methods of slides from a hirst type volumetric trap. Aerobiologia. 2000;16:339–346.

Velasco-Jimenez MJ, Alcazar P, Dominguez Vilches E, Galan C. Comparative study of airborne pollen counts located in different areas of the city of Cordoba (south-western Spain). Aerobiologia. 2013;29:113–120.

Rodríguez-Rajo FJ, Fdez-Sevilla D, Stach A, Jato V. Assessment between pollen seasons in areas with different urbanization level related to local vegetation sources and differences in allergen exposure. Aerobiologia. 2010;26:1–14.

Nowak M, Szymańska A, Grewling Ł. Allergic risk zones of plane tree pollen (Platanus sp.) in Poznań. Post Dermatol Alergol. 2012;29:156–160.

Gonzalo-Garijo A, Tormo-Molina R, Munoz-Rodriguez A, Silva-Palacios I. Differences in the spatial distribution of airborne pollen concentrations at different urban locations within a city. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2006;16:37–43.

Bomanowska A, Witosławski P. Selected aspects of diversity of synanthropic flora in the chosen cities of central Poland. Biodiv Res Conserv. 2008;9–10:35–42.

Skjøth CA, Smith M, Brandt J, Emberlin J. Are the birch trees in southern England a source of Betula pollen for north London? Int J Biometeorol. 2009;53:75–86.

Siljamo P, Sofiev M, Filatova E, Grewling Ł, Jager S, Khoreva J, et al. A numerical model of birch pollen emission and dispersion in the atmosphere. Model evaluation and sensitivity analysis. Int J Biometeorol. 2013;57:125–136.

Šikoparija B, Skjøth CA, Alm Kübler K, Dahl A, Sommer J, Grewling Ł, Radisic P, Smith M. A mechanism for long distance transport of ambrosia pollen from the Pannonian Plain. Agric For Meteorol. 2013;180:112–117.

Kasprzyk I, Myszkowska D, Grewling Ł, Stach A, Šikoparija B, Skjøth CA, et al. The occurrence of ambrosia pollen in Rzeszów, Kraków and Poznań, Poland: investigation of trends and possible transport of Ambrosia pollen from Ukraine. Int J Biometeorol. 2011;55:633–644.

Smith M, Skjøth CA, Myszkowska D, Uruska A, Puc M, Stach A, et al. Long-range transport of Ambrosia pollen to Poland. Agric For Meteorol. 2008;148:1402–1411.

Spieksma FT, van Noort P, Nikkels AH. Influence of nearby stands of Artemisia on street-level versus roof-top-level ratio’s of airborne pollen quantities. Aerobiologia. 2000;16:21–24.

Munuera Giner M, Carrión García JS, García Sellés J. Aerobiology of Artemisia airborne pollen in Murcia (SE Spain) and its relationship with weather variables: annual and intradiurnal variations for three different species. Wind vectors as a tool in determining pollen origin. Int J Biometeorol. 1999;43:51–63.


Journal ISSN:
  • 2300-357X (online)
  • 0065-0951 (print; ceased since 2016)
This is an Open Access journal, which distributes its content under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, provided that the content is properly cited.
The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and aims to follow the COPE’s principles.
The journal publisher is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association.
The journal content is indexed in Similarity Check, the Crossref initiative to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism.
Polish Botanical Society