Diverse influence of nanoparticles on plant growth with a particular emphasis on crop plants

Anna Milewska-Hendel, Robert Gawecki, Maciej Zubko, Danuta Stróż, Ewa Kurczyńska


The article describes the current knowledge about the impact of nanoparticles on plant development with a particular emphasis on crop plants. Nanotechnology is an intensively developing field of science. This is due to the enormous hopes that have been placed on the achievements of nanotechnology in various areas of life. Increasingly, it has been noted that apart from the future benefits of nanotechnology in our everyday life, nanoparticles (NPs) may also have adverse effects that have not been sufficiently explored and understood. Most analyses to date have been focused on the influence of nanomaterials on the physiological processes primarily in animals, humans and bacteria. Although our knowledge about the influence of NPs on the development of plants is considerably smaller, the current views are presented below. Such knowledge is extremely important since NPs can enter the food chain, which may have an influence on human health.


apoplast; crop plants; development; nanoparticles; plants; plasmodesmata; symplast

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