Wrażliwość roślin na nikiel w warunkach różnej koncentracji żelaza lub wapnia w środowisku odżywczym [Plants sensitivity on nickel under different conditions of iron or calcium concentration in the nutrient medium]

Renata Matraszek

Abstract


The sensitivity of six vegetable plants on nickel at early stages of their growth was investigated by index of tolerance. Besides the possibility of nickel fitostabilization by additional application of iron or calcium was tested. The experiment was conducted on Petri dishes. Different concentrations of nickel (0; 0,03; 0,06mM Ni as nickel sulphate), iron (0,05; O,OlmM Fe as Fe2+ citrate) and calcium (0,50; 0,75; lmM Ca as calcium carbonate) were added. Taking into consideration the sensitivity, investigated vegetables can be ordered in the following way: Cucurbita pepo conv. giromontiina L.>Lactuca sativa L.>Sinapis alba L.>Spinacia oleracea L.=Zea mays var. saccharata Kcke.>Phaseolus vulgaris L. Positive, statistically significant effect ofnickel fitostabilization (0,03 or 0,06mM Ni) on elongative growth by the iron application (0,10mM Fe) was shown for Zea mays var. saccharata Kcke independently of Ni concentration in the nutrient medium as well as for Sinapis alba L. and Phaseolus vulgaris L. in 0,06mM Ni. Addition as much as 0,75mM Ca in the presence 0,03mM Ni had positive result on Sinapis alba L and Phaseolus vulgaris L. seedlings as well as on Zea mays var. saccharata Kcke and Lactuca sativa L. roots and Cucurbita pepo convar. giromontiina L. shoots. Addition of 0,75mM Ca in the presence 0,06mM Ni promoted elongative growth of Zea mays var. saccharata Kcke seedlings. Application lmM Ca resulted in the promotion of elongative growth of Zea mays var. saccharata Kcke. roots (0,03mM Ni) as well as Spinacia oleracea L. roots (0,06mM Ni).

Keywords


index of tolerance; nickel; iron; calcium; mustard; lettuce; spinach; zucchini; bean; maize

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