Medicinal plants used in the Uzunköprü district of Edirne, Turkey

Fatma Güneş


This study examined the use of plants in Uzunköprü and surrounding villages in the years 2013–2015 during the flowering and fruiting season of the studied plants (March–October). Interviews were carried out face-to-face with members of the community. Fifty-seven people in 55 villages were interviewed. Overall, medicinal plants from 96 taxa belonging to 45 families were recorded. Traditional medicinal plants were used to treat 80 diseases and ailments such as diabetes, cold, flu, cough, stomachache, and hemorrhoids. According to the results, the largest eight families are Rosaceae, Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Poaceae, Ranunculaceae, Malvaceae, Cucurbitaceae, and Brassicaceae. The most commonly used species were Anthemis cretica subsp. tenuiloba, Cotinus coggyria, Datura stramonium, Ecballium elaterium, Hypericum perforatum, Prunus spinosa, Pyrus elaeagnifolia subsp. bulgarica, Rosa canina, Sambucus ebulus, Tribulus terestris, Urtica dioica. The herbarium numbers, Latin and local names, families, village numbers, parts used, usage forms, and uses were listed alphabetically in a table. In this study, 219 local names were identified.


medicinal plants; therapy; traditional; Uzunköprü

Full Text:



Davis PH, Miller RR, Tan K. Flora of Turkey and the Aegean Islands. Vol. 1–9. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 1965–1985.

Davis PH, Miller RR, Tan K. Flora of Turkey and the Aegean Islands. Vol. 10 (Supplement I), Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 1988.

Webb DA. The flora of European Turkey. Proc R Ir Acad B. 1966;65(1):1–100.

Güner A, Özhatay N, Ekim T, Başer KHC. Flora of Turkey and the Aegean Islands. Vol. 11. Second supplement. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 2000.

Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT, editors. Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi: (Damarlı Bitkiler). Istanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Garden and Flora Researchers Association Press; 2012.

Yıldız B, Aktoklu A. Bitki sistematiği: ilkin karasal bitkilerden bir çeneklilere. Ankara: Palme Press; 2012.

Polat R, Satıl F. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Edremit Gulf (Balıkesir – Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;139(2):626–641.

Baytop T. Therapy with medicinal plants in Turkey (past and present). Istanbul: Nobel Medicine Publication; 1984.

Polat R, Selvi S, Cakilcioglu U, Acar M. Investigations of ethnobotanical aspect of wild plants sold in Bingoel (Turkey) local markets. Biological Diversity and Conservation. 2012;5(3):155–161.

Ertuğ F. An ethnobotanical study in central Anatolia (Turkey). Econ Bot. 2000;54(2):155–182.

Ertuğ F. Ethnobotanical research in Friday markets of Bodrum (Mugla, Turkey). Delpinoa. 2003;45:167–172.

Ertuğ F. Wild edible plants of the Bodrum area (Muğla, Turkey). Turk J Botany. 2004;28(1–2):161–174.

Kültür Ş. Medicinal plants used in Kırklareli Province (Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;111:341–364.

Kültür Ş. An ethnobotanical study of Kırklareli (Turkey). Phytologia Balcanica. 2008;14(2):279–289.

Koyuncu O, Yaylaci O, Öztürk D, Potoglu Erkara I, Savaroglu F, Akcoskun O, et al. Risk categories and ethnobotanical features of the Lamiaceae taxa growing naturally in Osmaneli (Bilecik/Turkey) and environs. Biological Diversity and Conservation. 2010;3(3):31–45.

Uysal İ, Onar S, Karabacak E, Çelik S. Ethnobotanical aspects of Kapıdağ Peninsula (Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation. 2010;3(3);15–22.

Güneş F, Özhatay N. An ethnobotanical study from Kars (Eastern) Turkey. Biological Diversity and Conservation. 2011;4(1):30–41.

Sağiroğlu M, Arslantürk A, Akdemir Z K, Turna M. An ethnobotanical survey from Hayrat (Trabzon) and Kalkandere (Rize/Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation. 2012;5(1):31–43.

Tetik F, Civelek S, Cakilcioglu U. Traditional uses of some medicinal plants in Malatya (Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;146(1);331–346.

Güler B, Kümüştekin G, Uğurlu E. Contribution to the traditional uses of medicinal plants of Turgutlu (Manisa – Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;176:102–108.

Güler B, Manav E, Uğurlu E. Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Bozüyük (Bilecik – Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;173:39–47.

Mükemre M, Behçet L, Çakılcıoğlu U. Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants in villages of Çatak (Van – Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;166;361–374.

Özdemir E, Alpınar K. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in western part of central Taurus Mountains: Aladaglar (Nigde – Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;166:53–65.

Korkmaz M, Karakuş S. Traditional uses of medicinal plants of Üzümlü district, Erzincan, Turkey. Pak J Bot. 2015;47(1):125–134.

Han, Mİ, Bulut G. The folk-medicinal plants of Kadisehri (Yozgat – Turkey). Acta Soc Bot Pol. 2015;84(2):237–248.

Akbulut S. Differences in the traditional use of wild plants between rural and urban areas: the sample of Adana. Studies on Ethno-Medicine. 2015;9(2):141–150.

Kalankan G, Özkan ZC, Akbulut S. Medicinal and aromatic wild plants and traditional usage of them in Mount Ida (Balıkesir/Turkey). Journal of Applied Biological Sciences. 2015;9(3):25–33.

Bulut G. Medicinal and wild food plants of Marmara Island (Balikesir – Turkey). Acta Soc Bot Pol. 2016;85(2):3501.

Doğan A, Bulut G, Tuzlacı E, Şenkardeş İ. A review of edible plants on the Turkish Apiaceae species. Journal of Faculty Pharmacy of Istanbul University. 2014;44(2):251–262.

Akbulut S, Karaköse M. Some wild plants commonly used in folk medicine in Turkey. In: Çamlı AA, Arabacı R, Ak B, Recep E, editors. Recent advances in health sciences. Sofia: St. Kliment Ohridski University Press; 2016. p. 547–559.

Furkan MK. Ethnobotanical features of some plants grown in Adıyaman Province [Master thesis]. Adıyaman: Adıyaman University; 2016.

Bulut G, Haznedaroğlu MZ, Doğan A, Koyu H, Tuzlacı E. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Acipayam (Denizli – Turkey). J Herb Med. 2017 (in press).

Polat R, Cakilcioglu U, Satıl F. Traditional uses of medicinal plants in Solhan (Bingöl – Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;148(3):951–963.

Bulut G, Tuzlaci E. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Turgutlu (Manisa – Turkey). J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;149(3):633–647.

Pieroni A. Medicinal plants and food medicines in the folk traditions of the upper Lucca Province, Italy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000;70(3):235–273.

Nedelcheva A. An ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants in Bulgaria. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences. 2013;7:77–94.

Carrió E, Vallès J. Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used in Eastern Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Mediterranean Sea). J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;141(3):1021–1040.

Rexhepi B, Mustafa B, Hajdari A, Rushidi-Rexhepi J, Quave CL, Pieroni A. Traditional medicinal plant knowledge among Albanians, Macedonians and Gorani in the Sharr Mountains (Republic of Macedonia). Genet Resour Crop Evol. 2013;60(7):2055–2080.

Mustafa B, Hajdari A, Krasniqi F, Hoxha E, Ademi H, Quave CL, et al. Medical ethnobotany of the Albanian Alps in Kosovo. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2012;8(1):6.

Leporatti ML, Ivancheva S. Preliminary comparative analysis of medicinal plants used in the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;87(2):123–142.

Pieroni A, Giusti ME, Münz H, Lenzarini C, Turković G, Turković A. Ethnobotanical knowledge of the Istro-Romanians of Žejane in Croatia. Fitoterapia. 2003;74(7):710–719.

Akalın E, Alpınar K. A research on the medicinal and food plants of Tekirdağ (Turkey). Ege University, Journal of Faculty Pharmacy. 1994;2:1–11.

Ecevit Genç G, Özhatay N. An Ethnobotanical study in Çatalca (European part of İstanbul) II. Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2006;3:73–89.

Tuzlacı E, Alpaslan DF. Turkish folk medicinal plants. Part V: Babaeski (Kırklareli), Journal of Faculty Pharmacy, Istanbul. 2007;39:11–23.

Kültür Ş, Sami SN. Medicinal plants used in Isperih (Razgrad – Bulgaria) district. Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2009;6(2):107–124.

Tuzlacı E, İşbilen DFA, Bulut G. Turkish folk medicinal plants, VIII: Lalapaşa (Edirne). Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal. 2010;14:47–52.

Bulut G. Folk medicinal plants of Silivri (Istanbul Turkey). Marmara Pharmaceutical Journal. 2011;15(1):25–29.

Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia [Internet]. Uzunköprü. 2017 [cited 2017 Nov 20]. Available from:

Dönmez Y. Thrace plant geography. Istanbul: Istanbul University, Institute of Geography; 1990.

Özhatay N, Byfield A, Atay S. Important plant areas of Turkey. Istanbul: WWF Turkey Press; 2003.


Journal ISSN:
  • 2083-9480 (online)
  • 0001-6977 (print; ceased since 2016)
This is an Open Access journal, which distributes its content under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, provided that the content is properly cited.
The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and aims to follow the COPE’s principles.
The journal publisher is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association.
The journal content is indexed in Similarity Check, the Crossref initiative to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism.
Polish Botanical Society