Effect of isomers of hydroxybenzoic acid on the growth and metabolism of Chlorella vulgaris Beijerinck (Chlorophyceae)

Andrzej Bajguz, Romuald Czerpak, Alicja Piotrowska, Magdalena Polecka

Abstract


The isomers o-, m-, and p- of hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA) in the concentration range 10-1-10-4 M in the unicellular green alga Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorophyceae) display marked biological activity. The o-HBA isomer, commonly known as salicylic acid, in a concentration of 10-4 M exerted the most stimulating effect on the parameters analysed (the number of cells, dry mass, the content of chlorophylls a and h, carotenoids, soluble proteins and their secretion, monosaccharides, DNA and RNA) whereas p-HBA had weak stimulating properties. On the other hand, m-HBA had a weak inhibitory effect on the growth of C. vulgaris and all the biochemical parameters analysed in comparison with the control culture of algae devoid of HBA isomers.

Keywords


Chlorella vulgaris; isomers o-; m- and p-hydroxybenzoic acid; growth; chlorophylls; carotenoids; DNA; RNA; proteins; monosaccharides

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