Putrescine catabolism via DAO contributes to proline and GABA accumulation in roots of lupine seedlings growing under salt stress

Jolanta Legocka, Ewa Sobieszczuk-Nowicka, Damian Ludwicki, Teresa Lehmann


The levels of polyamines (PAs), proline (Pro), and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as well as the activity of diamine oxidase (DAO; EC were studied in the roots of 2-day-old lupine (Lupinus luteus L. ‘Juno’) seedlings treated with 200 mM NaCl for 24 h. The effect of adding 1 mM aminoguanidine (AG), an inhibitor of DAO activity, was also analyzed. It was found that in roots of lupine seedlings growing under salt stress, a negative correlation between Pro accumulation and putrescine (Put) content takes place. Pro level increased in roots by about 160% and, at the same time, Put content decreased by about 60%, as a result of ca. twofold increase of DAO activity. The AG added to the seedlings almost totally inhibited the activity of DAO, increased Put accumulation to control level, decreased Pro content by about 25%, and reduced GABA level by about 22%. Addition of 50 mM GABA to the lupine seedlings growing in the presence of AG and NaCl restored Pro content in roots to its level in NaCl-treated plants. In this research, the clear correlation between Put degradation and GABA and Pro accumulation was shown for the first time in the roots of seedlings growing under salt stress. This could be considered as a short-term response of a plant to high salt concentration. Our findings indicate that during intensive Pro accumulation in roots induced by salt stress, the pool of this amino acid is indirectly supported by GABA production as a result of Put degradation.


diamine oxidase; lupine roots; polyamines; proline; salt stress; γ-aminobutyric acid

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