Distribution of Azolla filiculoides Lam. (Azollaceae) in Poland

Ewa Szczęśniak, Jan Błachuta, Marek Krukowski, Joanna Picińska-Fałtynowicz

Abstract


Azolla filiculoides has been an ephemeral plant in Poland since the end of the 20th century. In the last 15 years this species appeared in 5 locations in south-west Poland. Habitat and plants of two populations became destroyed, three other still exist. A. filiculoides occurs in eutrophic or even polluted water where it forms dense mats, up to 10 cm thick. It stays sterile and propagates only in a vegetative manner. Frost resistance of Lower Silesia populations is higher than reported so far; fern may winter and rebuild the population after frost reaching 22oC. Size of the populations is changeable during the vegetation season. A. filiculoides occurs in water habitats and plant communities in which it substitutes Lemna minor.

Keywords


Azolla filiculoides; invasive species; water ferns; Poland

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