Cyanophytes on limestone rocks in the Szopczański Gorge (Pieniny Mountains) – their ecomorphology and ultrastructure

Joanna Czerwik-Marcinkowska, Bohuslav Uher

Abstract


This study is devoted to the ecomorphology and ultrastructure of cyanophytes on limestone rocks collected in the Szopczański Gorge (Pieniny Mountains) during the years 2006-2008. There were selected cyanophyte species for examination such as following: Nostoc microscopicum, Phormidium favosum, Leptolyngbya foveolarum, Tolypothrix distorta var. penicillatum, Pseudanabaena catenata. The ultrastructural analysis (TEM) confirmed that the structure and placement of the thylakoids is genus/species specific.

Keywords


Cyanophyta; taxonomy; ultrastructure; limestone rocks; Pieniny Mountains

Full Text:

PDF

References


Starmach K. Algae in the Szopczański Gorge in the Pieniny Mts. Fragm Flor Geobot. 1975;21(4):537-549.

Filarszky F. Adatok a Pieninek Moszatvegettiöjahoz. Math Természettud Közlem. 1899;27(4):721-800.

Filarszky F. Beiträge zur Algenvegetation des Pieninen-Gebirges auf ungarischer Seite. Hedwigia. 1900;39:133-148.

Chudyba D. Benthic algae in the River Dunajec. Probl Zagosp Ziem Górsk. 1965;11:153-160.

Kawecka B. Communities of benthic algae in the River Białka and its Tatra tributaries of the Rybi Potok and Roztoka. Probl Zagosp Ziem Górsk. 1965;11:113-117.

Wasylik K. Algal communities in the Czarny Dunajec river (southern Poland) and in some of its affluents. Fragm Flor Geobot. 1971;17(2):257-354.

Tarnowska B. The spring diatom flora of the Kamionka stream in the Pieniny range (Western Carpathians). Fragm Flor Geobot. 1971;17(3):425-438.

Mrozińska-Webb T. A study on epiphytic algae of the order Oedogoniales on the basis of materials from Southern Poland. Fragm Flor Geobot. 1976;22(1-2):147-227.

Mrozińska T. Glony. In: Zarzycki K, editor. Przyroda Pienin w obliczu zmian. Warszawa: Polish Scientific Publishers PWN; 1982. p. 168-172. (Studia Naturae; vol 30B).

Mrozińska T. Glony Pienin i ich znaczenie w ochronie wód. In: Seminar proceedings: środowisko przyrodnicze i kultura Podhala. Stan obecny i możliwości rozwoju; 1990 May 4-6; Szczawnica Zdrój, Poland. Kraków: AGH University of Science and Technology; 1990. p. 259-266.

Mrozińska T. Algae of the Pieniny National Park (South Poland). Veröff Geobot Inst ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich. 1992;107:218-237.

Mrozińska T. Sinice (Cyanophyta) i glony (Algae). In: Razowski J, editor. Flora i fauna Pienin. 2000. p. 23-29. (Monografie Pienińskie; vol 1).

Kawecka B, Szczęsny B. Dunajec. In: Whitton B, editor. Ecology of European rivers. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific; 1984. p. 499-525.

Kawecka B, Mrozińska T. Wybrane zagadnienia hydrobiologiczne (algologiczne) w dorzeczu Górnego Dunajca. In: Starmach J, editor. Seminar proceedings: Dunajec wczoraj – dziś – jutro; 1989 June 15; Niedzica, Poland. Warszawa: Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW; 1989. p. 82-94. (vol 11).

Sanecki J. Zbiorowiska glonów osiadłych w Dunajcu w jego górnym biegu i w rejonie zbiorników zaporowych [PhD thesis]. Kraków: Jagiellonian University; 1991.

Sanecki J, Bucka H. Prognoses of changes in phytocoenoses of the River Dunajec (southern Poland) as a result of hydrotechnical constructions. Acta Hydrobiol. 1992;34(4):357-373.

Sanecki J, Dumnicka E, Starmach J. Charakterystyka podstawowych elementów biocenoz Dunajca i jego dopływów w rejonie nowopowstałych zbiorników zaporowych. In: Pieniny przyroda i człowiek. Krościenko n. Dunajcem: Pieniński Park Narodowy; 1998. p. 89-99. (vol 6).

Kawecka B, Sanecki J. Didymosphenia geminata in running waters of southern Poland – symptoms of change in water quality? Hydrobiologia. 2003;495(1-3):193-201. doi:10.1023/A:1025469500265.

Mrozińska T, Czerwik-Marcinkowska J. Eucaryotic algae and cyanobacteria in the River Dunajec upstream and downstream from the new dam reservoirs in Czorsztyn and Sromowce and their use for monitoring. Oceanol Hydrobiol Stud. 2004;33(3):83-97.

Mrozińska T, Czerwik-Marcinkowska J, Gradziński M. A new species of Didymosphenia (Bacillariophyceae) from the Western Carpathian Mountains of Poland and Slovakia. Nova Hedw. 2006;83(3):499-510. doi:10.1127/0029-5035/2006/0083-0499.

Mrozińska T, Czerwik-Marcinkowska J, Gradziński M. Species of the genus Didymosphaenia (Bacillariophyceae), their migration and potential influence on community of algae of the Pieniny Mountains. Fragm Flor Geobot Polonica. Fragm Flor Geobot. 2010;17(1):171-177.

Czerwik-Marcinkowska J, Mrozińska T. Trends and dynamics changes in species composition of pro- and eukaryotic algae in the reservoirs of the Pieniny Mountains and in the River Dunajec over a period from 1997 to 2008. In: Soja R, Knutelski S, Bodziarczyk J, editors. Pieniny – zapora – zmiany. Krościenko n. Dunajcem: Pieniński Park Narodowy; 2010. p. 153-160. (Monografie Pienińskie; vol 2).

Wróbel I, Zarzycki K. The influence of the Czorsztyn-Niedzica and Sromowce Wyżne reservoirs on the flora and vegetation of the Pieniny Mts. In: Soja R, Knutelski S, Bodziarczyk J, editors. Pieniny – zapora – zmiany. Krościenko n. Dunajcem: Pieniński Park Narodowy; 2010. p. 131-152. (Monografie Pienińskie; vol 2).

Wilk-Woźniak E, Pociecha A, Mazurkiewicz-Boroń B. Comparison of chosen physico-chemical and biological parameters of the Czorsztyński dam reservoir in 1998 and 2005. In: Soja R, Knutelski S, Bodziarczyk J, editors. Pieniny – zapora – zmiany. Krościenko n. Dunajcem: Pieniński Park Narodowy; 2010. p. 107-121. (Monografie Pienińskie; vol 2).

Stein JR, editor. Handbook of phycological methods culture methods and growth measurements. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1973.

Spurr AR. A low-viscosity epoxy resin embedding medium for electron microscopy. J Ultra Res. 1969;26(1-2):31-43. doi:10.1016/S0022-5320(69)90033-1.

Massalski A, Mrozińska T, Olech M. Lobococcus irregularis (Boye-Pet.) Reisigl var. antarcticus var. nov. (Chlorellales, chlorophyta) from King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, and its ultrastructure. Nova Hedw. 1995;61(1-2):199-203.

Reynolds ES. The use of lead citrate at high pH as an electron-opaque stain in electron microscopy. J Cell Biol. 1963;17(1):208-212. doi:10.1083/jcb.17.1.208.

Starmach K, editor. Cyanophyta – sinice. Glaucophyta – glaukofity. Warszawa: Polish Scientific Publishers PWN; 1966. (Flora Słodkowodna Polski; vol 2).

Anagnostidis K, Komárek J. Modern approach to the classification system of cyanophytes. 3 – Oscillatoriales. Arch Hydrobiol Suppl Algol Stud. 1988;80(1-4):327-472.

Komárek J, Anagnostidis K. Modern approach to the classification system of Cyanophytes. 4 – Nostocales. Arch Hydrobiol Suppl Algol Stud. 1989;82(3):247-345.

Whitton BA. Phylum Cyanophyta (Cyanobacteria). In: Brook AJ, Whitton BA, John DM, editors. The freshwater algal flora of the British isles: an identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2002. p. 25-122.

Czerwik-Marcinkowska J, Mrozińska T. Epilithic algae from caves of the Krakowsko-Częstochowska Upland (Southern Poland). Acta Soc Bot Pol. 2009;78(4):301-309.