Environmental pollution changes in membrane lipids, antioxidants and vitality of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) pollen

Paweł M. Pukacki, Władysław Chałupka

Abstract


Investigations were carried out on pollen grains of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) collected from trees at 1.5, 3, 4 km and control, 20 km from the Luboń factory producing mineral fertilisers. The percentage of germination of pollen formed close to the pollution source was ca 20% lower compared to the control pollen. Lowered vitality of the pollen was effected in changes of the structure of cytoplasmic membranes. Pollen from the polluted area contained ca 15% less total phospholipids, mainly phosphatidylcholine and phosphatytidylinositol and had a lower content of soluble proteins and less of low molecular antioxidants, such as thiols and ascorbic acid. Composition of total fatty acid in phospholipids fractions showed a significant reduction in the degree of unsaturation of fatty acids. Pollen originating from the polluted area and stored at -30°C showed considerably stronger degradation of cytoplasmic membranes than control.

Keywords


antioxidants; environmental pollution; freezing stress; fatty acids; membranes; phospholipids; Pinus; pollen grains

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