Studies of Cantharellus cibarius - a mycorrhizal fungus of pine and spruce

Roman Pachlewski, Edmund Strzelczyk, Jadwiga Kermen


Pure cultures of Cuntharellus cibarius wcrc isolaled in two forms: C. cibarius hardwood form (isolate No. 5400) and C. cibarius coniferous form (isolate No.5410). Artificial mycorrhization of pine (Pinus Sylvestris) and spruce (Picea abies) was applied in this work and wcre determinated mycorrhiza-forming properties in both isolates with differences in mycorrhiza-forming activity and in morphogenesis of ectomycorrhizas. The sporocarps of C. cibarius consistently contained bacteria probably belonging to the genus: Pseudomonas. It was possible to evaluate the culture conditions for associated bacteria using in vitro tests (effect of antibiotics, pH of the medium), as well as their neutral interactions with mycorrhizal fungi (C.antharellus cibarius, Pisolithus tinctorius, Suillus bovinus and Mycelium radicis atrrovirens). Results of the present work suggest that the selection of isolates of C. cibarius< for artificial mycorrhization of seedlings of forest trees m nurseries could be very useful.


Cantharellus cibarius; mycorrhizal fungi

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