The Effects of Sucrose, Silver Nitrate, Plant Growth Regulators, and Ammonium Nitrate on Microrhizome Induction in Perennially-Cultivated Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) From Hue, Vietnam

Nguyen Hoang An, Tran Thi Minh Chien, Ho Thi Hoang Nhi, Nguyen Thi Minh Nga, Tran Thien Phuc, Lam Thi Ngoc Thuy, Tong Van Bao Thanh, Phan Thi Thao Nguyen, Truong Thi Bich Phuong

Abstract


The number of research on ginger microrhizome production is low, despite awareness of the drawbacks to the traditional method of cultivation and the known health benefits associated with ginger essential oils. We examined the effects of several factors on microrhizome induction in order to create a production protocol for the cultivar found in Hue, Vietnam. To determine the optimal conditions for ginger microrhizome production, different concentrations of sucrose, plant growth regulators, ammonium nitrate, and silver nitrate were investigated. Microrhizome fresh weight and diameter were increased to the maximum values with application of BAP (6-benzyl amino purine), NAA (α- naphthaleneacetic acid), IBA (indole-3-butyric acid), and a low ammonium nitrate concentration, with 0.433 g at 9.03 mm, 0.437 g at 9.73 mm, 0.478 g at 10.80 mm, and 0.449 g at 9.53 mm, respectively. Additionally, we demonstrated that kinetin has an inhibitory effect on microrhizome growth. The biggest microrhizomes were grown on MS media containing the optimal concentrations for each factor – 80 g/L sucrose, 1.9 mg/L AgNO3, 550 mg/L ammonium nitrate, 4 mg/L BAP, 6 mg/L NAA, and 4 mg/L IBA.

Keywords


culture optimization; nitrogen quantities; phytohormones; carbon source

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References


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