Growth and flowering of Helleborus argutifolius (Viviani) grown in pots depending on substrate type

Monika Henschke, Piotr K. Czuchaj, Stanisława J. Szczepaniak

Abstract


An experiment was conducted on the effect of substrate type on growth of Corsican hellebore (Helleborus argutifolius Viviani). Plants were grown for two years in pots with substrates whose components included Klasmann highmoor peat and Hartmann highmoor peat, mineral soil, expanded clay and perlite at various volumetric ratios. Vegetative growth and flowering were observed in hellebores. It was shown that substrates exhibited a varied effect on plant growth. Corsican hellebore in a substrate with a considerable addition of mineral soil was lower, but more branched, and it did not form inflorescences. An optimal medium for growing H. argutifolius in pots was Hartmann’s de-acidified peat + mineral soil (1:1 v:v). In this medium vegetative growth of plants was extensive, flowering was early and abundant, and long peduncles were produced.

Keywords


Helleborus argutifolius; ornamental plant; cultivation; peat; mineral soil; number of leaves; flower quality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kraus HT, Warren SL. Nutrient and pH management programs for nursery production of Helleborus x hybridus. SNA Res Conf. 2002; 47: 18–22.

Piskornik M. Production of Christmas Rose young plants from seedlings during one vegetation season. EJPAU. 2003; 6(1): #05.

Piskornik M. Improving Christmas Rose (Helleborus niger L.) young plants production. Acta Sci Pol Hortorum Cultus. 2003; 2(2): 69–74.

Lubell JD, Thompson DM, Brand MH. Foliar sprays of benzyladenine increase bud and propagule

production in Epimedium x rubrum Morren and Helleborus x hybridus L. Propag Ornam Plants. 2005; 5(1): 19–22.

Szczepaniak S, Henschke M, Czuchaj P, Kozik E. Growth and flowering of lenten rose (Helleborus orientalis Lam.) depending on the dose of calcium carbonate and top dressing with Peters Professional Special. Acta Sci Pol Hortorum Cultus. 2008; 7(4): 13–22.

Henschke M, Szczepaniak S, Czuchaj P, Kozik E. The effect of calcium carbonate and top dressing with Peters Professional Special on the growth and flowering of Helleborus lividus Aiton. Folia Hort. 2009; 21(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/fhort-2013-0130

Pogroszewska E. Przyspieszona uprawa ciemiernika ogrodowego (Helleborus x hybridus Hort.) w szkalrni. Nowe rośliny i technologie w ogrodnictwie. Poznań Agricultural University of Poznań 1996. p. 397–400. (in Polish)

Lowder A, Kraus HT, Blazich FA, Warren SL. Day/night temperatures influence growth and photosynthesis during containerized production of selected species of Helleborus (Hellebores). J Env Hortic. 2010; 28(3): 179–186.

Springer P. Stabile Strukturen machen das Rennen. De-Ga. 2005; 13: 17–19. (in German)

Schmilewski G. Growing medium constituents used in the EU. Acta Hortic. 2007; 819: 33–45.

Czajka E, Szczepaniak S. Wpływ podłoża na wzrost młodych roślin trzech gatunków bylin o ozdobnych liściach. Zesz Probl Post Nauk Rol. 2005; 504: 57–65. (in Polish)

Janicka D, Dobrowolska A. Effect of organic media on growth and development of patiola F1 horned violet (Viola cornuta L.). Acta Agrob. 2013; 66(1): 95–104. http://dx.doi.org/10.5586/aa.2013.011

Holmes S. Growing media developments in the UK. Acta Hortic. 2007; 819: 23–26.

Michalak B, Hetman J. Wpływ podłoża i nawożenia na jakość rozsad jednorocznych roślin kwietnikowych. Zesz Probl Post Nauk Rol. 2002;485:205–216. (in Polish)

Michiels P, Hartmann R, Coussens C. Physical properties of peat substrates in an EBB/FLOOD irrigation system. Acta Hortic. 1993; 342: 205–219.

Hetman J, Witek M. The effects of different substrates on flowering of kohleria (Kohleria amabilis Hook.). Acta Agrobot. 2006; 59(1): 405–412. http://dx.doi.org/10.5586/aa.2006.042

Riaz A, Arshad M, Younis A, Raza A, Hameed M. Effects of different growing media on growth and flowering of Zinnia elegans cv. Blue Point. Pak J Bot [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2012 Jun 2]; Available from: http://core.kmi.open.ac.uk/display/19297867

Szczepaniak S, Kozik E. Wpływ rodzaju i objętości podłoża oraz nawozów o spowolnionym działaniu na wzrost młodych roślin nachyłka wielkokwiatowego. The influence of kind of substrate, its volume and slow release fertilizer on the growth of young plants of Coreopsis grandiflora. Rocz AR Pozn Ogrod. 2004; 38: 157–161. (in Polish)

Ercisli S, Sahin U, Esitken A, Anapali O. Effects of some growing media on the growth of strawberry cvs. “Camarosa” and “Fern.”Acta Agrobot. 2005; 58(1): 185–191. http://dx.doi.org/10.5586/aa.2005.024

Kukkonen S, Vestberg M. Nursery growers’ experiences of growing media – a Finnish case study. Acta Hortic. 2007; 819: 273–278.

Rice G, Strangman E. The gardener’s guide to growing hellebores. Portland, OR: Timber Press, Inc.; 2001.

Szczepaniak S, Kupiec A. Wzrost i kwitnienie omiega wschodniego (Doronicum orientalne Hoffm.) “Little Leo” uprawianego w doniczkach pod osłonami. Zesz Probl Post Nauk Rol. 2002; 483: 245–251. (in Polish)

Czuchaj P, Szczepaniak S. Wzrost i kwitnienie gailardii ościstej (Gaillardia aristata Pursh) uprawianej w doniczkach w różnych podłożach. Zesz Probl Post Nauk Rol. 2005; 504: 67–71. (in Polish)

Reimherr P. Helleborus niger (Ranunculaceae). Veitshöchheimer Kultur – Information zur Christrose. Gärtnerbörse 1998; 09: 27–29. (in German)