Występowanie i skład gatunkowy grzybów owadobójczych w glebach z sadów jabłoniowych [The spectrum and occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi in soils from apple orchards]

Barbara Marjańska-Cichoń, Ryszard Miętkiewski, Anna Sapieha-Waszkiewicz

Abstract


The spectrum and occurrence of entomopathogenic fungi in orchard soil and arable soil were evaluated using an "insect bait method". Soil samples taken in autumn and spring from sward, herbicides fallow and arable soil were baited with Galleria mellonella larvae. Entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill., Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorok. and Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Wize) Brown et Smith were isolated from three species of orchards soil and adjacent arable soil. Infection levels of G. mellonella larvae were depended from species of soil. M. anisoopliae caused most frequent infections of bait insects in light loamy sand and P. fumosoroseus in alluvial silt and coarse sand. B. bassiana was dominated in alluvial silt. It was established that M. anisopliae and B. bassiana infected more larvae in autumn than in spring. In case of P. fumosoroseus an opposite tendency was observed. Generaly in arable soil and sward number of infected larvae was higher than other stands. In case of light loamy sand more infections of G. mellonella larvae were found in samples from herbicides fallow. Irrespective of soil type B. bassiana was the dominated species isolated from herbicides fallow, M. anisopliae from sward and P. fumosoroseus - from arable soil.

Keywords


entomopathogenic fungi; Beauveria bassiana; Metarhizium anisopliae; Paecilomyces fumosoroseus; type of soil; sward; herbicides fallow; arable soil

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