Effect of local tree seeds in the control of root knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica (Treub) chitwood and growth promotion of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

Zainab M. Ahmed, Shahnaz Dawar, Marium Tariq, Muhammad J. Zaki

Abstract


Seeds of local trees, such Azadirachta indica A. Juss, Adenanthera pavonina L., Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit and Eucalyptus spp., were used as aqueous extract at 25, 50 and 100 % concentration to control the activity of Meloidogyne javanica (Treub) Citwood. All seed extracts showed lethal effect on M. javanica eggs, and a gradual decrease in egg hatching and an increase in mortality of second-stage juveniles were observed with the increase in extract concentration. L. leucocephala was found to be most effective in reducing egg hatching, whereas 100 % mortality of juveniles was observed in the case of A. indica seed extract. Number of knots was significantly reduced at 100 % concentration when seeds of chick pea and mung bean were treated and soil was drenched with A. pavonina and Eucalyptus spp. seed extract.

Keywords


Local tree seeds; nematicidal properties; plant extract; Meloidogyne javanica; mung bean and chick pea; growth promotion

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