Evaluation of growth and flowering of cultivars derived from the rugosa (Rosa rugosa Thunb.) growing in the national collection of rose cultivars in the Polish Academy of Sciences Botanical Garden in Powsin. Part I. The historical cultivars

Marta J. Monder

Abstract


In the years 2000-2011, observations were made of shrubs of the cultivars derived from the Rugosa (R. rugosa Thunb.) gathered in the Collection of Rose Cultivars of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS) Botanical Garden – Center for Biological Diversity Conservation (CBDC) in Powsin, Poland, including 29 cultivars. In the first part, the results are presented for 12 historical cultivars (‘Agnes’, ‘Belle Poitevine’, ‘Blanc Double de Coubert’, ‘F.J. Grootendorst’, ‘Frau Dagmar Hastrup’, ‘Hansa’, ‘Kaiserin des Nordens’, ‘Max Graf’, ‘Moje Hammarberg’, ‘Mrs Anthony Waterer’, ‘Pink Grootendorst’, ‘Rugeaux du Japon’). Every year, damage to shrubs caused by frost was recorded; the date of bud break and the date when leaves developed in springtime were recorded; regeneration of shrubs damaged in winter was observed; the dates of initial, full and final flowering were recorded; the presence of disease symptoms was observed; and notes were made concerning the need to do spring pruning and pruning after flowering. The winter seasons 2002/2003, 2005/2006, 2009/2010, 2010/2011 were unfavourable for roses. In terms of the features in question, the cultivars varied. The cultivars derived from the Rugosa should find a wider application as park roses (‘Agnes’, ‘Belle Poitevine’, ‘F.J. Grootendorst’, ‘Frau Dagmar Hastrup’, ‘Mrs Anthony Waterer’, ‘Pink Grootendorst’, ‘Rugeaux du Japon’) as well as ground cover and soil protection roses (‘Blanc Double de Coubert’, ‘Hansa’, ‘Kaiserin des Nordens’, ‘Max Graf’, ‘Moje Hammarberg’) planted in urban green areas and near historical buildings.

Keywords


Botanical Garden; Rosa rugosa; shrub roses; ground cover roses; frost damage; greenery; hedge; collection

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